Although Brazil has more than its fair share of talented painters and influential photographers, a dominant trend in the nation’s booming contemporary art scene is the notion of site-specificity. Indeed, Brazil is a very particular place, ripe with material and inspiration for artistic experimentation—and Muniz and these nine compatriots are the proof.
A celebrated Brazilian conceptual artist, Carvalhosa uses diverse mediums and found objects to transform architectural space. His best-known piece is probably Sum of Days (2011), a monumental site-specific installation of white translucent material and recorded ambient noise he installed in MoMA’s atrium.
Ranging from figurative to abstract, Corten steel to rugged marble, Cemin’s sculptures reference a wide range of artists and cultures; indeed, though Brazilian-born, the sculptor now lives and works in Brooklyn and Beijing.
Meireles creates massive, immersive installations that encourage interaction and reflect political concerns. His sprawling works incorporate found objects, like the bones, coins, and communion wafers seen here, or the bottles of his infamous Coca Cola Project in the Tate collection.
Working across mediums, Guimarães evocatively captures everyday events and quiet actions in urban and rural settings throughout Brazil. He is well known for his gambiarras (loosely translating as “improvisations”)—subtle interventions he enacts on found objects and then documents in poetic, disquieting photographs.
Whether adding light filters and translucent materials, altering skylights and facades, or pasting images of three-dimensional spaces to walls, Koch centers her practice on transforming architectural spaces. Her acts are meant to create tension between interior and exterior, ultimately challenging the limits of particular spaces.
One of Brazil’s most influential installation artists, Neto creates large-scale, sensuous environments that evoke bodily experience, often working with a stretchy, stocking-like fabric in vibrant colors, which he fills with aromatic, organic, or tactile materials. “Sex is like a snake; it slithers through everything,” he says of his work.
José de Barros Carvalho e Mello, a.k.a. Tunga, makes site-specific installations that transform galleries into dreamlike environments using an array of materials, including plastic, thread, and repurposed objects. His extensive influence can be seen reverberating throughout Brazilian contemporary art.
Born into poverty in São Paulo and rising to be Brazil’s most famous artist internationally, Muniz repurposes everyday materials for intricate and heavily layered appropriations of canonical artworks. Among his many works, Muniz has re-created Warhol in diamonds, da Vinci in peanut butter and jelly, and large-scale Neoclassical masterpieces from trash in Brazil’s largest landfill.