15 Latin American Artists Who Made Geometric Abstraction What It Is Today
From Uruguay to Venezuela, and from Peru to Argentina, geometric abstraction has developed dramatically in Latin America in the last 70 years. So where better to celebrate the genre’s key players than in the city that has been affectionately nicknamed the capital of Latin America? Miami.
That’s exactly what’s happening at Durban Segnini Gallery through the summer. “Abstraction and Constructivism. Continuity and Breakdown of Latin American Modernity” features the work of 15 boundary-pushing artists: Carmelo Arden Quin, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Jesús Rafael Soto, Mateo Manaure, Manolo Vellojín, Eduardo Ramírez-Villamizar, César Paternosto, Carlos Rojas, Omar Rayo, Fernando De Szyszlo, Fanny Sanín, Julio Le Parc, Omar Carreño, Raúl Lozza, and Gyula Košice. Some of these names are familiar to the North American art crowd, like Arden Quin, the late Uruguayan artist who was known for his colorful geometric works and, together with Košice, the Hungarian-Argentinian poet and artist, co-founded the Madí abstract art movement.
What Arden Quin and Košice had in common is the same thing that unites all 15 of the artists featured here. As the show’s curator Dennys Matos points out, each of them was interested in both geometry and abstraction—organizing spaces, joining planes in harmony, designing a world, so to speak. But the worlds these artists actually inhabited were, in many cases, far from organized.
They hail from countries that have periodically endured tumultuous governments and stalling economies, or, as Matos puts it, “a model where nations and the creation of democratic systems fail due to the contradictions of an unresolved postcolonial history and the vertiginous growth of capitalism.” Stability and smart design have been anomalies, not the norm, he writes, using an apt metaphor to describe the reality of living in much of Latin America in the mid- to late 20th century: “the ‘lightning bolts’ of democracy and the ‘blackouts’ of failed totalitarian utopias.”
The works featured in “Abstraction and Constructivism,” then, might be seen as moving against the cultural current. There’s Arden Quin’s cool and minimalist Losange Bleu (1952) and Carreno’s Elan A (1992–93), whose shapes are vaguely reminiscent of a board game or an early video game. And then there are Raul Lozza’s oil-on-wood paintings, which look very much of their time—the ’70s and ’80s—and Cruz-Diez’s half-psychedelic, half-futuristic Inducción Cromática Allison (2012).
The exhibition covers the better part of a century and represents a wide swath of Latin America. But when the works are displayed together, it becomes clear what they have in common: the artists’ shared impulse to build their genre, despite the often difficult circumstances that surrounded their everyday lives. Perhaps, in the end, the region’s troubles pushed geometric abstraction to what it is today.
“Abstraction and Constructivism. Continuity and Breakdown of Latin American Modernity” is on view at Durban Segnini Gallery, Miami, Jul. 10–Oct. 11, 2015.