9 Times History’s Greatest Artists Made Bad Artworks
How the masterly hands behind the Sistine Chapel ceiling or The Starry Night (1889) could conceivably create anything atrocious is confounding, but even art history’s virtuosi managed some pretty dire blunders. Overworked pictures, wonky perspective, and amusing anatomical misinterpretations are usually chalked up to anomalies, redeemed by other tour-de-force accomplishments. But it’s comforting to remember that even geniuses can achieve some rather astounding feats of ugliness. Below, we dissect nine surprising missteps by some of the world’s most beloved artists.
Michelangelo, Night (ca. 1520–32)
Forged to crown Giuliano de’ Medici’s tomb, Night is a magnificent allegorical sculpture of a sleeping woman. Like many of women, Night has a muscular stature akin to that of her male counterpart, Day. The revered paper hypothesizing that cancer was to blame for her deformity. In Michelangelo’s defense, art historians have attributed these unconvincing appendages to choice: His reputed homosexuality has led some to believe that the artist was disinterested in—or altogether unfamiliar with—the female form.
Rembrandt, Stone Operation (Allegory of Touch) (ca. 1624–25)
A grotesque trio engaged in what appears to be a dubious medical procedure is illuminated by a wrinkled old woman holding a candle. She casts a dim light on the patient’s temple as a barber-surgeon dives in with a scalpel, causing him to grimace and clench his fists in pain. This unpleasant image belongs to “The Series of the Five Senses,” a set of five allegorical paintings made by
Abraham Mignon, The Overturned Bouquet (1660–79)
Bursting with luminous, silken flora, The Overturned Bouquet is an upturned scene in which a tipping urn wreaks havoc on what would normally be a tranquil still life. Water cascades onto the table as frazzled insects fly off of snapped stems, all rendered with exceptional finesse. Closer inspection reveals the picture’s gnarly antagonist: a hissing cat, whose horseplay with a mousetrap has gone awry. In contrast with the realism of the flowers and insects, the cat more closely resembles a beastly hybrid animal with the ears of a bat, the nose of a human, and the mouth of a shrieking monkey. In a single image,
Francisco de Goya, El tío Paquete (ca. 1819–20)
He may be regarded as the greatest Spanish painter of the Romantic period, but billed his subject “el célebre ciego fijo” (“the famous local blind man”). A well-known blind singer and guitarist in Madrid, Tío Paquete posted up daily outside the church of San Felipe el Real. But according to Goya’s portrayal, Tío Paquete, with his manic, laughing face emerging in quick impasto brushstrokes from opaque darkness, was more sinister than gregarious. The disturbing likeness is linked to Goya’s late “Black Paintings” (1819–23), characterized by their bleak color palettes and macabre images, which indicate the artist’s looming fear of death.
Édouard Manet, Fishing (ca. 1862–63)
This surprisingly sloppy landscape depicts the otherwise illustrious painter Park of the Château de Steen(ca. 1632–35), in which the influential Flemish painter is similarly posed next to his wife. In Manet’s canvas, fishermen toil in a small boat on the river, while a boy lazily casts a line on the far bank. In the background, a curiously dull rainbow pours into a far-off village marked by a tall steeple. While peripheral vegetation and trees in this arcadian scene were crafted with detail and care, the disproportionate scale and impossibly smooth terrain of the central composition renders Fishing so weak, it appears unfinished.
Vincent van Gogh, The Potato Eaters (1885)
Although it’s considered first significant painting, The Potato Eaters is far from the expressive, game-changing artworks he would produce later in life. The self-taught artist had yet to master texture, color, or portraiture at this stage of his career, and the unsightly faces on the misshapen heads of these peasants fosters a drab, imbalanced composition. That said, Van Gogh effectively illustrates a humble domestic scene, and its formal clumsiness still manages to achieve an endearing familiarity. What The Potato Eaters lacks in technical skill is made up for with the evocative undercurrent that would eventually make Van Gogh an art star.
Édouard Vuillard, Marcelle Aron (Madame Tristan Bernard) (1914)
Edvard Munch, Angry Dog (ca. 1938–43)
For an artist who so exquisitely captured the harrowing depths of human despair, Angry Dog is a surprising component of oeuvre. Munch forged a contentious relationship with his neighbor’s dog, Rolle, whose boundless roaming and fierce disposition drove the mercurial artist to scribble several unflattering—if not downright childlike—drawings and lithographs. According to Rolle’s owner, Mr. Gunnerud, long-term neglect by his previous caretaker had turned Rolle into a misanthrope with aggressive tendencies, and Munch was the regular subject of his wrath. Suffice it to say, this caustic watercolor renders poor Rolle a thoroughly unbecoming creature.
René Magritte, La Famine (1948)
In 1948, bowler-hatted gentlemen and dusky, moonlit vistas, the erratic paintings that ensued showcase peculiar subjects and uncharacteristically rough brushwork. La Famine, which depicts a chain of cartoonish figures cannibalizing one another, seems almost unrecognizable as a Magritte. Gnashing teeth tear into pink flesh and devour comically protuberant noses in a manic picture of human hysteria that art historians still endeavor to decode.