In Celestial Tree
(2014), artist duo
inscribe a tree on a wood panel
, adding gold leaf and Swarovski crystals as textural embellishments. Because gold leaf does not adhere to surfaces without applied moisture, Scherer and Ouporov’s process involves breathing heavily onto the material—an action they describe as giving the “breath of life” to their work. For Lush Life
also worked in tondo, creating a confluence of swirls from metal coins, spoons, jewelry, and a stylus. Ellenbogen’s unique process emphasizes gestural movement and tactility and recalls the work of
, who the artist assisted in the 1970s.