Rodolphe janssen, Art Brussels, installation view, Brussels, Belgium 2017. From left to right: Sam Moyer, Elaine Cameron-Weir, Sanam Khatibi, Douglas Eynon, Adam McEwen, Sam Moyer, Thomas Lerooy, Marcel Berlanger, Léon Wuidar.
Art Brussels closed on Sunday, wrapping up four days of steady sales in the city’s historic Tour & Taxis building. The fair’s 35th edition welcomed 144 galleries from 28 countries to the former customs warehouse, where it had moved for the 2016 edition just weeks after the terror attacks of March 22nd.
A year later, the Belgian capital’s art scene is experiencing a new surge of momentum. Among other notable events this past week, C L E A R I N G inaugurated a new 5,400-square-foot space, and São Paulo’s Mendes Wood DM planted its flag in the city with a new gallery.
Across Art Brussels, dealers echoed the city’s resurgent spirit and reported overall satisfaction with sales. Accessibly priced and midrange works saw the greatest success, which isn’t to say a number of works weren’t sold in the six figures: Robilant + Voena sold a painting by Julian Schnabel to a Belgian collector for around £500,000; Galerie Mitterrand sold a 1967 work from a solo booth of Niki de Saint Phalle for between €150,000–€200,000; and Tina Kim Gallery sold a painting by Dansaekhwa artist Ha Chong-Hyun for €180,000–€200,000.
“There’s a good spirit,” said Galerie Lelong’s Nathalie Berghege, who placed a large painting by Günther Förg with a local collector for north of €250,000 on the fair’s first day. The gallery also sold a painting by 2016 Marcel Duchamp Prize nominee Barthélémy Toguo for €45,000 and a sculpture by David Nash for €22,000, among other works.
Berghege described a marked difference in the energy at Art Brussels this year compared to the challenges that faced the last edition. But she also spoke of uncertainty that remains in the air, from that caused by U.S. President Donald Trump to France’s own highly-contested presidential election, in which the young, pro-EU Emmanuel Macron and far-right nationalist Marine Le Pen advanced to a runoff on Sunday. Berghege said that, against this backdrop, art is as crucial as ever before.
“Buying art is not only a pleasurable thing. It should also be a political thing,” she said. “It is up to us working in art—collectors, museums, artists—to stay positive. We have to keep going. In France we say ne baisse pas les bras. Rebel.”
Installation view of Nathalie Obadia’s booth at Art Brussels 2017.
Brussels gallerist Rodolphe Janssen also commented on the significant uptick in the mood at Art Brussels this year. “Everybody can feel it,” he said. Among other works, Janssen sold a large oil on linen painting by Sean Landers for $95,000, five bronze and marble works by Sam Moyer for $9,000 apiece, a large painting by Sanam Khatibi for €20,000, a sculpture by Thomas Lerooy for €28,000, five woodcuts by Gert & Uwe Tobias for between €20,000–€43,000, and seven works by Léon Wuidar from the fair’s Rediscovery sector for €4,000–€12,000 apiece. Janssen commented that Belgium’s art market has certain advantages that allow it to be steadier than the market of other countries.
“The market in Belgium is always okay,” he said. “There are people of all levels of money who are buying.” The art market at large has cooled over the past two years, and become more top-heavy, but he said Art Brussels finds its strength by catering to the kind of art market experienced in the ’90s.
“It’s not a market for Russian billionaires like in Frieze; it’s not a big fashion or social thing like [at FIAC]; it’s not a fancy American fair like in Miami; it’s a fair for European collectors who buy art to put in their house to live with. It can be $10,000, $100,000, or $1 million,” he said, but “it’s not for storage.”
Brussels collector Alain Servais, whose expansive private collection doubles as an artist residency, said “the frost is less present” in the current market. Sales had been fine, but not “ecstatic,” he said, pointing to collectors taking more time to complete their purchases and making fewer buys overall. “Fifteen years ago there were 20 percent of the current amount of fairs and 50 percent of the current amount of galleries,” he said. The market’s infrastructure grew up for the wave of new buyers that flooded it in the mid-2010s, he said. Now, that infrastructure is still there but there’s less business. He said galleries need to tighten their belts and adapt their strategies to this new reality, taking a more personal approach to dealing art once again.
Meessen de Clercq took this advice to heart. “We prepared quite thoroughly in terms of visiting the right people and preparing new works so people could actually discover things even if they know the gallery program,” said gallery co-director Jan De Clercq. The gallery sold a work by Thu Van Tran for around €24,000, ahead of the artist’s upcoming participation in the Venice Biennale; multiple works by Claudio Parmiggiani for between €50,000 and €100,000; several pieces by José María Sicilia for €10,000–€35,000; and several works for €4,000–€15,000 by Benoît Maire, who won Art Brussels’s Solo booth prize.
Installation view of Steve Turner’s booth at Art Brussels 2017.
“The Americans came back,” said Charlotte Ketabi of Nathalie Obadia, who like many noted that a large percentage of American collectors had skipped Art Brussels last year, in the wake of the terror attacks. The gallery sold a number of works including five pieces from a fantastic solo booth by Laure Prouvost, a painting by Jorge Queiroz, a tapestry by Josep Grau-Garriga, a work by Andres Serrano, and a work by Sarkis, to collectors spanning France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and the U.S.
However, it was the Brussels collectors, beloved for their appetite for risk and cerebral approach to art, that garnered the most praise from dealers. “They’re really vigorous and quite academic,” said Timothy Taylor’s Alexandra Leive, pointing to the city’s strong private collections, like Servais’s and the Vanhaerents Art Collection as evidence. The gallery sold works on paper by Eddie Martinez, a new etching by Volker Hüller, and work by Eduardo Terrazas on the range of $3,500–$40,000 by Sunday morning.
Steve Turner called the Belgians “loyal and constant.” He was presenting what was perhaps the most ambitious booth in the fair, designed by Pablo Rasgado using fragments of torn-down exhibition walls from the Museum of Contemporary Art in Antwerp (M HKA). By Saturday afternoon, he’d sold four works by Rasgado for $12,500 and two larger works by the artist for $30,000, as well as a woven work by Diedrick Brackens for $4,000 and a video work by Emilie Brout & Maxime Marion for $3,800.
In the Discovery sector, William Lunn of London’s Copperfield Gallery said they’d sold exclusively to Belgian collectors, save for one from the Netherlands. He said that like Americans’ love of painting, “Belgians more often buy objects and conceptual work.” In his case, that means a work by Natalie Reusser which he sold for under €10,000, and a piece by Eric van Hove he noted was purchased by a museum.
Belgian artists, too, found resounding praise this past week. At Brussels gallery Sorry We’re Closed, a work by Belgian expressionist painter Bram Bogart sold for €92,000 on Saturday morning, and two totems by Belgian ceramicist Eric Croes, coinciding with the artist’s solo show that opened at the gallery space March 25th, went for €2,500 apiece. The gallery’s biggest hit, however, was a wall-spanning project in its booth by New York-based artist Josh Sperling. Of the 41 colorful paintings scattered across the booth’s wall, 30 were sold in the early hours of the preview for €1,700–€5,200 apiece.
Installation view of Axel Vervoordt’s booth at Art Brussels 2017. Photo © Sebastiaan Schutyser.
Noach Vander Beken of Antwerp and Hong Kong gallery Axel Vervoordt said that they too had seen greatest interest in their Belgian artists. “We’re in Brussels and showing people that we really put our shoulders into Belgian artists” and the Belgian market, he said. By Saturday, among other works, the gallery had placed two graphite and pencil drawings by Belgian artist Lucia Bru for around €10,000, a painting by young Belgian artist Renato Nicolodi for €20,000–€25,000, a Michel Mouffe work for around €50,000, and all three editions of Spanish-Belgian artist Angel Vergara’s video work.
According to Vander Beken, works on offer were at a much lower price point that the high six-figure El Anatsui they’d shown previously. This trend towards lower price points continued across the fair. And indeed, other dealers with six-figure works at Art Brussels this year noted that they wished they had brought lower-priced inventory.
Antwerp gallery Geukens & De Vil sold out its entire booth on opening day, including five works each for Sofie Muller, Jaromír Novotný, and Finbar Ward on the range of €3,000–€20,000. In the Discoveries sector, Thierry Goldberg placed all three paintings by Tschabalala Self, and two of four paintings by Jonathan Lyndon Chase during the fair’s preview. Harlan Levey Projects, who won the fair’s Discovery Prize, sold all but one work in its booth by end of day on Saturday, including a sculptural floor work by Ella Littwitz, The Land of the Unknown South (2017), which sold to an American collector for €24,000.
This is true to Art Brussels’s own billing as a fair for discovering new artists, whether young, emerging talents or older artists that have been overlooked. In many ways, Servais said, Art Brussels is still very much a regional fair, but, increasingly, as galleries look closely at their expenditures, it’s regional fairs that are delivering the strongest returns.