About the Commission: Venezia, Venezia

Chilean Pavilion at the 55th Venice Biennale
May 28, 2013 11:30AM

Alfredo Jaar’s immersive site-specific installation, Venezia, Venezia is an evocative and critical intervention that questions how today’s culture, composed of increasingly complex global networks, can be adequately represented at this iconic, international art exhibition.

Venezia, Venezia creates an environment of striking visual  and somatic encounters. It begins with an obstruction: a  suspended 2.5 x 2.5 m lightbox photograph captures the  Argentine-born Italian artist Lucio Fontana in 1946 on his  return to Milan following the devastation of World WarII.  The intrepid 20th century artist is poised precariously  amidst the catastrophic evidence of his destroyed studio -  the ruins of a site of creative and critical activity.  Beyond this unsettling image, stairs lead the viewer over  a structure recalling the iconic bridges of Venice to an  ominous pool of dark water. From this pool, the complex  conditions of art and globalism arise in the form of a  perfect replica of the Giardini - historically the original site  of the Venice Biennale - and their first 28 foreign pavilions.  Approximately every three minutes, the spectral embodiment  of the Biennale breaks through the surface of the water and peers through just long enough to be recognised before it swiftly descends into the dark water and imminent  obscurity. The artist has created a future where the Biennale  has disappeared. In its brief emergence, it is a ghost  from history.

Jaar’s installation is a poetic invitation to rethink the Venice Biennale model. The pavilions and their archaic rigidity dissolving into the depths of water reflect the manner in which these pavilions have lost their meaning in the fluidity  of today’s world culture. Water acts as the tragic agent of sudden deluge, as well as an enduring symbol of renewal: a utopia is created the very instant the Giardini vanish, and the space of the pool becomes a historical opportunity for rebirth.

In dialogue with this, the image of Fontana crystallizes a key moment in Italian history: one which represents both physical and moral devastation following a catastrophic war, but also symbolising a country hopeful for creative and political renewal. By placing the Giardini’s disappearance in the continuation of history, Venezia, Venezia reveals a city still haunted by ghosts that include not only past wars and leaders but also defunct architecture. Similarly to reconstruction that follows war, the creation of a new order, for the Biennale and for Italy, should perhaps follow the flood.

Lucio Fontana image: © Archivi Farabola

Venezia, Venezia, 2013 (detail), photographs by Agostino Osio.

Chilean Pavilion at the 55th Venice Biennale