Derain's Madame Matisse Dressed Down
In this day and age one does not often accurately attribute a creation of a movement however in the year 1905 Fauvism was invented by André Derain and Henri Matisse. Derain's Madame Matisse au kimono is perhaps Derain's most important picture and could be considered the love child of fellow Fauvists who communed that summer in Collioure, France; turning inventive use of color into a modern movement.
Not only was Fauvism in fashion, but Madame Matisse's storied kimono is a silky embrace of the japonisme trend in French fashion. Legend has it that the Impressionists collected Japanese woodcut prints and from these materials introduced Eastern motifs-- like the one on the kimono ---into their work.