Carl appropriates everyday objects and avant-garde ideas. In his “Calculated Optimism”
series, he anodizes the titanium cases of Apple laptops, yielding colorful and organic abstract paintings over and around the Mac logo. Carl also anodizes sheets of titanium to create metallic color fields
. He punctuates many of these works with industrial markings, such as numbers and brand-style stamps; in doing so, he invokes Duchamp, who signed Fountain
as “R. Mutt,” sometimes thought to be an homage to the Mott iron factory where he got his materials.