Working as a duo, Alexander Brodsky and Ilya Utkin collaborated on elaborate installations that critiqued the austerity of 1970s and ’80s Soviet Union culture. The two artists were part of the Paper Architects, a loosely affiliated group of Russian artists whose imaginative work provided an antidote to the bland utility of their architectural surroundings. Brodsky and Utkin first met while they were both studying architecture at university in 1972. Their later work focused on copper-plate etchings that combined the detailed style of the 18th and 19th centuries with elements of science fiction and dystopian visions of the city. In 1993, they disbanded their collaboration to focus on individual projects.