Eastman Johnson was one of the leading artists to come to prominence during the Civil War. He studied in Europe, working under Emanuel Leutze in Germany (who was then painting his landmark work Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851), before traveling to Holland and then Paris, where he studied with academic painter Thomas Couture. When he returned to America, he painted images of the 19th-century frontier, living among the native Anishinabe (Ojibwe) in Wisconsin for a period. He settled in New York, where he worked in the Tenth Street Studio Building, and co-founded the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In the period following the war, he painted portraits and refined genre scenes of elegant leisure.