Édouard Manet
French, 1832-1883
High auction record
$65m, Christie's, 2014
Collected by major museums
Tate, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields, J. Paul Getty Museum
Selected exhibitions
Seeing Nature: Landscape Masterworks from the Paul G. Allen Family Collection,
Seattle Art Museum
Degas, Impressionism, and the Paris Millinery Trade,
Legion of Honor
Soulèvements (Uprisings),
Jeu de Paume

Although ridiculed in his day for inadequate linear perspective, lack of spirituality, and controversial subject matter, Édouard Manet is considered by many art historians to be the father of Modernism. Technically his paintings are remarkable for their loose brushstrokes, nuanced color, unusual cropping, and sense of light. His most famous and oft-satirized painting, Déjeuner sur l'herbe (1861) was rejected from the 1861 Salon for its shocking content: a nude woman enjoying a picnic with two fully clothed men, while a second nearly-nude woman bathes in a stream. In 1865, depressed by Paris’s response to his art, Manet traveled to Spain and studied the art of Diego Velázquez and Francisco de Goya. Ironically, within a year of his premature death, the École des Beaux-Arts, the officially sanctioned art school in Paris, held a huge exhibition of his paintings, pastels, drawings, and …

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