Edward Hopper
American, 1882-1967
Collected by major museums
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA)
Selected exhibitions
Human Interest: Portraits from the Whitney’s Collection,
Whitney Museum of American Art
Masterworks from the Hirshhorn Collection,
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
East Building Permanent Collection,
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Edward Hopper defined 20th-century realism with his austere, eerie scenes that conveyed the alienation and isolation of modern life. Nighthawks (1942), a painting of three customers sitting at the counter of a diner late at night, is among his most famous works. The illusion of light pervades his paintings, which depict late 19th-century architecture, coastal views, and scenes of the city. Hopper’s characters, even when painted in groups, seem disconnected and lost in thought. "Great art is the outward expression of an inner life in the artist, and this inner life will result in his personal vision of the world," he said.

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