Émile Bernard
French, April 28, 1868 - April 15, 1941
High auction record
€1m, Christie's, 2017
Collected by major museums
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields

Émile Bernard was a writer and a painter who maintained mutually influential friendships with Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh, though he argued passionately with both. Bernard was accepted as a pupil at the atelier of Fernand Cormon, but was expelled for insubordination. He and his close friend Louis Anquetin felt disillusioned with Pointillism and rejected Neo-Impressionism. Instead the two pioneered a new style, later termed Cloisonnism, with the idea that the painted line was the antithesis of the painted dot. This new painting methodology was defined by a use of flat colors and forms that were outlined by strong, black contours; it followed the legacies of Paul Cézanne, Japanese woodcuts, enamel work, and stained glass.

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