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Giorgio de Chirico

Italian, 1888–1978

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Giorgio de Chirico

Italian, 1888–1978

4,537
Followers
Biography

The founder of the scuola metafisica, Giorgio de Chirico is best known for his metaphysical paintings, produced between 1909 and 1919. These melancholic renderings of low-lit town squares with long shadows and empty walkways would profoundly influence the Surrealists, including André Breton, Salvador Dalí, and René Magritte. In their thematic exploration of alienation, nostalgia, and myth, de Chirico’s works—many of which were exhibited at the Paris Salons—are also said to have influenced filmmakers such as Michelangelo Antonioni and draw parallels with contemporary works by Edward Hopper. De Chirico later rejected his earlier metaphysical style and became interested in traditional painting techniques, working in Neoclassical or neo-Baroque styles influenced by Raphael, Luca Signorelli, and Peter Paul Rubens. The Surrealists were publicly critical of this anti-modern development in de Chirico’s work and the artist eventually ended his association with the group. He cited the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche as a deep influence.

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Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
€11m, Christie's, 2009
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 1 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 13 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 3 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Biography

The founder of the scuola metafisica, Giorgio de Chirico is best known for his metaphysical paintings, produced between 1909 and 1919. These melancholic renderings of low-lit town squares with long shadows and empty walkways would profoundly influence the Surrealists, including André Breton, Salvador Dalí, and René Magritte. In their thematic exploration of alienation, nostalgia, and myth, de Chirico’s works—many of which were exhibited at the Paris Salons—are also said to have influenced filmmakers such as Michelangelo Antonioni and draw parallels with contemporary works by Edward Hopper. De Chirico later rejected his earlier metaphysical style and became interested in traditional painting techniques, working in Neoclassical or neo-Baroque styles influenced by Raphael, Luca Signorelli, and Peter Paul Rubens. The Surrealists were publicly critical of this anti-modern development in de Chirico’s work and the artist eventually ended his association with the group. He cited the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche as a deep influence.

Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
€11m, Christie's, 2009
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 1 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 13 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 3 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Shows Featuring Giorgio de Chirico
Articles Featuring Giorgio de Chirico
The Curious Subculture of Diagnosing Dead Artists by Their Work
Jan 2nd, 2019
The Curious Subculture of Diagnosing Dead Artists by Their Work
Giorgio de Chirico Copied His Most Popular Works to Mess with His Collectors
Oct 25th, 2018
Giorgio de Chirico Copied His Most Popular Works to Mess with His Collectors
The Ballets Russes Showcased Some of Picasso’s and Matisse’s Most Experimental Work
Jan 22nd, 2018
The Ballets Russes Showcased Some of Picasso’s and Matisse’s Most Experimental Work
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