Joan Miró

Spanish, 1893–1983

22k followers

Joan Miró

Bio

Spanish, 1893–1983

Followers
22k
Biography

Joan Miró rejected the constraints of traditional painting, creating works “conceived with fire in the soul but executed with clinical coolness,” as he once said. Widely considered one of the leading Surrealists, though never officially part of the group, Miró pioneered a wandering linear style of Automatism—a method of “random” drawing that attempted to express the inner workings of the human psyche. Miró used color and form in a symbolic rather than literal manner, his intricate compositions combining abstract elements with recurring motifs like birds, eyes, and the moon. “I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music,” he said. While he prized artistic freedom, Miró revered art history, basing a series of works on the Dutch Baroque interiors of Hendrick Sorgh and Jan Steen. In turn, Miró has inspired many artists—significantly Arshile Gorky, whose bold linear abstractions proved a foundational influence on Abstract Expressionism.

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Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Established
Established representation
Represented by industry leading galleries.
Auction
High auction record
£24m, Sotheby's, 2012
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 7 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 19 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 2 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 4 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 2 more
Biography

Joan Miró rejected the constraints of traditional painting, creating works “conceived with fire in the soul but executed with clinical coolness,” as he once said. Widely considered one of the leading Surrealists, though never officially part of the group, Miró pioneered a wandering linear style of Automatism—a method of “random” drawing that attempted to express the inner workings of the human psyche. Miró used color and form in a symbolic rather than literal manner, his intricate compositions combining abstract elements with recurring motifs like birds, eyes, and the moon. “I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music,” he said. While he prized artistic freedom, Miró revered art history, basing a series of works on the Dutch Baroque interiors of Hendrick Sorgh and Jan Steen. In turn, Miró has inspired many artists—significantly Arshile Gorky, whose bold linear abstractions proved a foundational influence on Abstract Expressionism.

Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Established
Established representation
Represented by industry leading galleries.
Auction
High auction record
£24m, Sotheby's, 2012
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 7 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 19 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 2 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 4 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 2 more
Shows Featuring Joan Miró
Articles Featuring Joan Miró
10 In-Demand Works on Artsy This Week
Jun 9th, 2020
10 In-Demand Works on Artsy This Week
What Sold at Art Basel in Hong Kong
Mar 31st, 2018
What Sold at Art Basel in Hong Kong
What You Need to Know about Joan Miró, Pioneer of Surrealism
Feb 14th, 2018
What You Need to Know about Joan Miró, Pioneer of Surrealism
The Ballets Russes Showcased Some of Picasso’s and Matisse’s Most Experimental Work
Jan 22nd, 2018
The Ballets Russes Showcased Some of Picasso’s and Matisse’s Most Experimental Work
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