“I’m definitely an advocate for revising photographic vocabulary,” says Joshua Citarella. He doesn’t just mean clarifying the oversimplification of words like “Photoshopped;” through his photographic, sculptural, and installation pieces, Citarella works to redefine the visual vocabulary of photography as well. The self-referential optical illusions he employs across his practice ensure that none of his works is quite what it seems. In Edge and Center (2013), a hand covered in silver powder holds a red bar that matches the red frame enclosing the image, and both bar and frame have matching silver smudges. Like a Photoshop workspace with too many files open, Citarella’s layered images and messages highlight the opaque nature of communications media.