Judith Rothschild was a renowned art collector and abstract painter. She preferred the formal rigor and flatness of Cubism to the dynamism of Abstract Expressionism and the unsettled perspective of Surrealism. An associate of Hans Hoffman, Robert Motherwell, Alexander Calder, and Anne Ryan, Rothschild was heavily influenced by the dramatic colors of the coastal California landscape. She mixed strong outlines with bold swaths of color, evoking a range of light effects in her works. In the final 20 years of her life, Rothschild created a series of relief paintings, setting white foam cutouts against colored backgrounds. These reliefs and the subsequent “Gothic” series—which features aluminum instead of foam—combine the figural qualities of Henri Matisse’s paper cutouts with the disembodied space of Mondrian’s paintings, juxtaposing sensual colors against rigid formal structures.