Julio González

Spanish, 1876–1942

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Julio González

Spanish, 1876–1942

349
Followers
Biography

A sculptor and painter, Julio González is best known for his small-scale, abstract iron sculptures. González grew up working in his father’s metalsmith shop, where he learned the techniques of direct metal welding while attending evening art classes. In the 1890s, he met Pablo Picasso in a café, who would become a lifelong friend; during the 1930s he provided metal welding assistance to both Picasso and Constantin Brancusi. In turn, González was deeply influenced by Picasso’s sculptural work, and by both Cubism and Surrealism, using a variety of geometric forms, such as rods, planes, and spikes to convey metaphorical meaning. Works such as Maternity (1934) helped establish welded and forged metal as new sculptural idiom and had a major impact on the American artist David Smith.

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Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
$7m, Sotheby's, 2011
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 2 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 3 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 1 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 2 more
Biography

A sculptor and painter, Julio González is best known for his small-scale, abstract iron sculptures. González grew up working in his father’s metalsmith shop, where he learned the techniques of direct metal welding while attending evening art classes. In the 1890s, he met Pablo Picasso in a café, who would become a lifelong friend; during the 1930s he provided metal welding assistance to both Picasso and Constantin Brancusi. In turn, González was deeply influenced by Picasso’s sculptural work, and by both Cubism and Surrealism, using a variety of geometric forms, such as rods, planes, and spikes to convey metaphorical meaning. Works such as Maternity (1934) helped establish welded and forged metal as new sculptural idiom and had a major impact on the American artist David Smith.

Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
$7m, Sotheby's, 2011
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 2 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 3 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 1 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 2 more