After constructing physically demanding obstacles, Kate Gilmore casts herself as the sole protagonist in single-channel videos that feature her comedic and destructive attempt at the course. Gilmore received her MFA from the School of Visual Arts in 2002 and has a background in sculpture; in her 2009 piece By Any Means, Gilmore methodically built a large-scale wooden sculpture that she filled with dirt and—adorned in a dress and heels—dug and sculpted her way out of. Always filmed in private, and only once, Gilmore’s performances are short in duration but extremely challenging. Her actions have been likened to the conventions of the avant-garde Fluxus artists, whose physical performances consisted of carefully scored actions. Although never explicit, Gilmore’s work belongs to a second wave of feminism, subtly yet effectively challenging norms of gender and sex and symbolically portraying real-life struggles.