Kathryn Spence uses found urban detritus, trash, and miscellaneous paper, wire, fabric, and string to meticulously recreate wildlife and natural environments. These mixed-media assemblages and installations point to the invasion of the natural world by human waste. Relating to one of her best-known series, “Pigeons” (1997), Spence discusses her inspiration: “The city's so dirty, you just don't have access to nature. So I was happy to even see pigeons on the concrete. I started trying to figure out what to make them out of. I'd see newspapers run over by cars and think that they looked like dead pigeons. So I started gathering up the newspapers and street garbage to make the pigeons.” Spence’s controlled accumulations open up dialogue about hoarding, consumerism, and recycling.