In his iconic lithographs of cities (particularly New York), Louis Lozowick depicted the geometric architecture of modern urbanity—art deco skyscrapers, bridges, and abundant repeating forms. Born in the Ukraine, Lozowick studied at the Kiev Art School in Russia before moving to the U.S. to attend the National Academy of Design. Lozowick's most influential years were spent in Europe, most notably in Berlin in the early 1920s, where he was introduced to the ideas and key artists of Constructivism, De Stijl, and the Bauhaus. In his paintings and lithographs, Lozowick combined the aesthetic of fellow artists, including the machine-inspired work of El Lissitzky, with the American trend of Precisionism. At the turn of the Great Depression, Lozowick joined public relief programs, painting his optimistic images onto city walls.