Maerten van Heemskerck
Dutch , June 1, 1498 - October 1, 1574
Collected by a major museum
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Maarten van Heemskerck was a draftsman, painter, and engraver who worked in and helped popularize the Italianate style among Dutch artists. Heemskerck was first exposed to the Italianate style through Jan van Scorel, and decided to further his artistic training by studying on his own in Rome. While in Italy, he made copious studies of architecture, medieval monuments, frescoes, and the art of the time; he honed his understanding of the human body by drawing sculptures. When he resettled in Haarlem again after his trip, van Heemskerck used his drawings of Rome as an encyclopedia of references for subsequent paintings. His later prints were widely distributed, and came to influence a number of younger Dutch artists, including Rembrandt van Rijn.

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