Marcel Duchamp

French, 1887–1968

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Marcel Duchamp

French, 1887–1968

82,254
Followers
Biography

Associated with the Dada, Surrealist, Cubist, and Futurist movements, Marcel Duchamp radically subverted conventional practices of artmaking and display, challenging such weighty notions as the hand of the artist and the sanctity of the art object. Duchamp’s depiction of dynamic Cubist forms in Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 (1912) established him as a leading member of the international avant-garde. In 1913 Duchamp created Bicycle Wheel, which is considered the first of his famous readymades—minimally altered objects that are elevated to the status of art simply through the designation of the artist. Particularly in his readymades, Duchamp placed unprecedented emphasis on the artistic concept as paramount over craftsmanship or aesthetics, a guiding principle that has proved hugely influential to 20th-century artistic practice.

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Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
€9m, Christie's, 2009
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 8 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 23 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 1 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 7 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale International Exhibition, and 2 more
Biography

Associated with the Dada, Surrealist, Cubist, and Futurist movements, Marcel Duchamp radically subverted conventional practices of artmaking and display, challenging such weighty notions as the hand of the artist and the sanctity of the art object. Duchamp’s depiction of dynamic Cubist forms in Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 (1912) established him as a leading member of the international avant-garde. In 1913 Duchamp created Bicycle Wheel, which is considered the first of his famous readymades—minimally altered objects that are elevated to the status of art simply through the designation of the artist. Particularly in his readymades, Duchamp placed unprecedented emphasis on the artistic concept as paramount over craftsmanship or aesthetics, a guiding principle that has proved hugely influential to 20th-century artistic practice.

Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
€9m, Christie's, 2009
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 8 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 23 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 1 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 7 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale International Exhibition, and 2 more
Shows Featuring Marcel Duchamp
Articles Featuring Marcel Duchamp
$22-Million Nicolas de Staël Painting Breaks Auction Record at Christie’s in Paris
Oct 17th, 2019
Why Marcel Duchamp Played Chess with a Naked Eve Babitz
May 16th, 2019
Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, the Dada Baroness Who Invented the Readymade
Sep 18th, 2018
What Makes a Toilet—or a Roomful of Kittens—a Work of Art?
Jun 29th, 2018
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