A legend and an enigma in his native Japan, postwar photographer Masahisa Fukase produced a body of work whose dark expressionism reflects the artistic reaction to a country ravaged by defeat. He began showing his photographs in the 1960s, focusing on industrial scenes. By the early 1970s, he turned to the tender subject of his wife, gaining critical and commercial success. In 1974, together with contemporaries including Shomei Tomatsu and Daido Moriyama, he established a photography school, The Workshop, which propagated the grainy, raw style they pioneered. That same year, his work was included in “New Japanese Photography,” a groundbreaking exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. By the late 1970s, bereft after the dissolution of his marriage, Fukase began photographing ravens, their inky-black bodies serving as ciphers for the pain and loneliness by which he was plagued.