Max Ernst
French-American, born Germany, 1891-1976
6,949 followers
High auction record
$16m, Christie's, 2011
Collected by major museums
Tate, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA)
Selected exhibitions
2018
Artists’ Jewellery from Calder to Koons, Diane Venet’s Ideal Collection,
Les Arts Décoratifs
2017
Max Ernst: 'Big Brother' Teaching Staff for a School of Murderers,
Paul Kasmin Gallery
2015
Max Ernst: Paramyths, Sculpture 1934 – 1967,
Paul Kasmin Gallery

Closely associated with Dada and Surrealism, Max Ernst made paintings, sculptures, and prints depicting fantastic, nightmarish images that often made reference to anxieties originating in childhood. Ernst demonstrated a profound interest in Freudian psychoanalysis, which is apparent in his exploration of Automatism and his invention of the Frottage technique. The artist’s psychoanalytic leanings are evident in his iconic 1923 work Pietà, or Revolution by Night, in which Ernst substitutes the image of Mary cradling the body of Christ with a depiction of the artist himself held by his father. Much of the artist’s work defied societal norms, Christian morality, and the aesthetic standards of Western academic art.

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