Natalia Goncharova
Russian, 1881-1962
Collected by major museums
Tate, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)

Natalia Goncharova gained recognition in the West through her set and costume designs produced for Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes, but she was also a leading avant-garde artist in her own right in early 20th-century Russia. A painter, stage and costume designer, printmaker, and illustrator, Goncharova’s work spanned a range of modernist styles, including Futurism, Cubism, Rayonism, and Neo-Primitivism, finding inspiration in Russian folk art and often depicting group scenes of women. She was married to the painter Mikhail Larionov; the two were controversial in Russia for what were thought to be their radical lifestyles. In 1910, Goncharova was tried on charges of pornography after exhibiting a collection of her nude paintings.

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