Otto Dix
German, 1891-1969
High auction record
$6m, Sotheby's, 1999
Collected by a major museum
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Selected exhibitions
Galerie Thomas
Modern Masters: Degenerate Art at the Museum of Fine Arts Bern,
Kunstmuseum Bern
New Objectivity: Modern German Art in the Weimar Republic, 1919–1933,
Los Angeles County Museum of Art

In his Expressionist prints and paintings, Otto Dix immortalized the unprecedented horrors of World War I and its crippling aftereffects on life in Berlin. Anguish radiates from Dix’s desolate landscapes of military trenches filled with barely distinguishable, decaying human remains, the legacy of the first industrialized war, while images of poor, disfigured, and lonely veterans invisible to passersby on the streets were comments on war’s unequal impact on different societal groups. Exploitation is also the theme of his “Femme Fatale” paintings, criticizing the narcissism that drove women to work the system in attempt to outdo one another—a representation of the social turmoil at the time. Along with George Grosz, Dix is widely considered one of the most important artists of the Neue Sachlichkeit (“New Objectivity”), a term used to characterize the turn of public attitudes in Weimar …

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