Paul Cézanne
French, 1839-1906
High auction record
$250m, Christie’s, 2011
Collected by major museums
Tate, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields, J. Paul Getty Museum
Selected exhibitions
Cézanne: Portraits,
Musée d'Orsay
The Hidden Cézanne. From Sketchbook to Canvas,
Kunstmuseum Basel
Seeing Nature,
Phillips Collection

Paul Cézanne is one of the great Post-Impressionist painters of the 19th century, renowned for his radiant landscapes, intense portraits, and complex still lifes. His influence extends to every aspect of Post-Impressionist inquiry, from the search for empirical truth in painting, which he saw as including imbalance and lacunae, to the capturing of the instantaneity of vision, and the calling of attention to the dimensionality of the canvas space. His paintings of apples, card players, and the landscape of Mount Sainte Victoire, which he saw from his window in Provence, France, are some of the best-known images in Western art. His mature works are striking for their vivid palette, sensitive brushstrokes, and swirling, unstable compositions full of impetuosity and vigor that paved the way for the advent of Cubism and abstract painting.

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