Raymond Duchamp-Villon
French, 1876-1918
Collected by major museums
Tate, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
The Power of the Avant-Garde,
Centre for Fine Arts (BOZAR)
Duchamp Brothers & Sister,
Francis M. Naumann Fine Art

One of the first major Cubist sculptors, Raymond Duchamp-Villon was the brother of iconic artist Marcel Duchamp. His early works were influenced by August Rodin’s figurative sculpture, but by 1910 his forms had become simplified—as in his portrait heads Baudelaire (1911) and Maggy (1911)—and his objects increasingly fragmented into geometric shapes. A jurist in the sculpture section of Salon d’Automne, he was instrumental in promoting the Cubists in the early 20th century. Duchamp-Villon was also a prominent member of the Puteaux group of artists and critics, who met weekly in the French suburb. His masterpiece Horse (1914) is noted for its dynamic rendering of mechanical motion. Duchamp-Villon’s untimely death in World War I put an end to his experimentations with employing the language of Cubism in architecture.