Salvador Dalí

Spanish, 1904–1989

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Salvador Dalí

Spanish, 1904–1989

30,249
Followers
Biography

Salvador Dalí was a leading proponent of Surrealism, the 20-century avant-garde movement that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious through strange, dream-like imagery. “Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision,” he said. Dalí is specially credited with the innovation of “paranoia-criticism,” a philosophy of art making he defined as “irrational understanding based on the interpretive-critical association of delirious phenomena.” In addition to meticulously painting fantastic compositions, such as The Accommodations of Desire (1929) and the melting clocks in his famed The Persistence of Memory (1931), Dalí was a prolific writer and early filmmaker, and cultivated an eccentric public persona with his flamboyant mustache, pet ocelot, and outlandish behavior and quips.

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Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
$22m, Sotheby's, 2011
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 6 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 15 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 3 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 3 more
Biography

Salvador Dalí was a leading proponent of Surrealism, the 20-century avant-garde movement that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious through strange, dream-like imagery. “Surrealism is destructive, but it destroys only what it considers to be shackles limiting our vision,” he said. Dalí is specially credited with the innovation of “paranoia-criticism,” a philosophy of art making he defined as “irrational understanding based on the interpretive-critical association of delirious phenomena.” In addition to meticulously painting fantastic compositions, such as The Accommodations of Desire (1929) and the melting clocks in his famed The Persistence of Memory (1931), Dalí was a prolific writer and early filmmaker, and cultivated an eccentric public persona with his flamboyant mustache, pet ocelot, and outlandish behavior and quips.

Career Highlights
Learn more about artist insights.
Auction
High auction record
$22m, Sotheby's, 2011
User
Solo show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 6 more
Group
Group show at a major institution
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), and 15 more
Institution
Collected by a major institution
Tate, and 3 more
Publication
Reviewed by a major art publication
Artforum, and 2 more
Fair
Included in a major biennial
Venice Biennale National Pavilion, and 3 more
Shows Featuring Salvador Dalí
Articles Featuring Salvador Dalí
$22-Million Nicolas de Staël Painting Breaks Auction Record at Christie’s in Paris
Oct 17th, 2019
The Artist Who Embraced the Occult and Defied the Surrealists
Oct 11th, 2019
Art History’s Iconic Depictions of Dreams, from the Renaissance to Surrealism
Jul 8th, 2019
How Christian Dior Became the First Art Dealer to Display Dalí’s Melting Clocks
May 31st, 2019
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