For Trang T. Lê, the act of repetition in painting is a way to meditate on trauma. Lê, who left Vietnam with her family as war refugees in 1982, is known for using minute marks—such as small circles and fine lines—to laboriously cover large canvases. She writes: “With the circles, I was able to resolve the pain of my past, but some of my personal problems were not resolved. With [newer] series I’m pulling out the yarn that was wound into circles [in] those paintings.” Lê’s best-known work is a monumental multi-panel painting titled 111,978, created between 2003 and 2010 to coincide with the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq. The work’s title is derived from the 111,978 circles on the canvas; each one represents a civilian or military casualty.