Vicente Carducho, who was born in Florence with the name Vincenzo Carducci, was known for bringing his Italian Mannerist influences to the practices of the Spanish school. He first left Italy at a young age as an apprentice to his brother, sculptor Bartolomé Carducho, on one of his commissions to decorate King Philip II’s palace El Escorial in Spain. He later succeeded his brother in a lifelong post as the court painter, producing primarily religious works that were carefully rendered with classical compositions. He was active during the shift from classicism to naturalism as the favored style, and adamantly defended the former. Carducho is also remembered as a key Spanish art theorist who championed the work of Michelangelo and censored Caravaggio’s naturalism.