Intertwining the physical with the philosophical in his striking installations, sculptures, drawings, photographs, and videos, Vittorio Messina presents probing explorations of the societies we form and the ways in which our anxieties, values, and drives are reflected in the cities and spaces we build. He emerged in the late 1970s with an installation titled after and inspired by Franz Kafka’s short story “The Great Wall of China,” which was published in 1931. Messina continued the author’s examination of the symbolic resonances of China’s Great Wall, focusing especially on its piecemeal construction over massive areas of land. The artist incorporated organic materials into his early work, later turning toward the use of industrial and building materials to construct his signature, patched-together architectural installations. He is particularly well known for his “cells,” spartan cubic rooms reflecting the condition of urban and human life.