About Albert Bierstadt
A member of the Hudson River School of painting—a loosely associated group of romantic American landscape artists, whose sublime luminosity later prompted the term Luminism—German-born Albert Bierstadt produced hundreds of large-scale sweeping oil paintings of the American West over the course of his prolific career. Joining land surveyors and parties on journeys of Westward expansion, Bierstadt depicted numerous classic vistas, such as the Rocky Mountains, the Oregon Trail, Yosemite, and other virgin landscapes, as well as scenes of Native Americans and wild animals. Though his work was acclaimed and fetched considerable sums during his lifetime, Bierstadt also drew criticism from some contemporary reviewers for his excessive effects, including dramatic weather systems, saturated light, overbearing scale, and color that could verge on expressionistic. Bierstadt studied under the German romantic painter Karl Friedrich Lessing.
German-American, 1830-1902, Solingen, Germany