Alexander Calder, ‘The New Ritou’, ca. 1948, Christie's

Signature: signed with the artist's monogram ‘CA’ (on the largest element)

New York, Bucholz Gallery/Curt Valentin, Calder, November-December 1949, p. 8, no. 15 (drawing illustrated).

Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New Gallery, Charles Hayden Memorial Library, Calder, December 1950-January 1951.

New York, Byron Gallery, The Surrealists, November-December 1969, pp. 26-27, no. 9 (illustrated).

New York, Perls Galleries, Alexander Calder: Recent Gouaches, Early Mobiles, October-November 1970, p. 12, no. 12 (illustrated).

Paris, Galerie Maeght, Calder, October 1981, p. 14, no. 18 (illustrated in color).

Turin, Palazzo a Vela, Calder: Mostra Retrospettiva, July-September 1983, p. 88, no. 148 (illustrated in color).

Munich, Haus der Kunst, Elan Vital oder Das Auge Des Eros: Kandinsky, Klee, Arp, Miró, Calder, May-August 1994, p. 55, no. 232, pl. 373 (illustrated in color).

New York, Pace Wildenstein, Earthly Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Calder and Noguchi, February-March 2000, p. 51 (illustrated in color).

Seoul, Kukje Gallery, Calder: Poetry in Motion, December 2003-February 2004, pp. 18, 42-43 and 99, no. 9 (illustrated in color).

New York, Hammer Galleries, Objects in Space: Léger, Miró, Calder, November 2012–January 2013, p. 65 (illustrated in color).

New York, Venus Over Manhattan, Calder Shadows, November 2013-February 2014.

Menlo Park, California, Pace Gallery, Alexander Calder: The Art of Invention, April-May 2014.

New York, Paul Kasmin Gallery, The New York School 1969, Henry Geldzahler at the Metropolitan

Museum of Art, January-March 2015.

Alexander Calder: The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Klaus Perls, exh. cat., Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, 1997, p. 6 (illustrated).

Alexander Calder: 1898–__1976, exh. cat., Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, 1998, p. 230, fig. 41 (illustrated).

_Adventures in Art: 40 Years at Pace,_exh. cat., New York, PaceWildenstein, 2001, pp. 612-613 (illustrated in color).

A Modern Definition of Space: Calder Sculpture, exh. cat., New York, Van de Weghe Fine Art, 2003, p. 83 (illustrated).

Calder: Gravity and Grace, exh. cat., Fundación del Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, 2003, p. 236 (illustrated).

Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic, exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2013, p. 175 (illustrated).

M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., New York

Galerie Maeght, Paris, 1981

Private collection, Geneva, 1990

Acquired from the above by the present owner

About Alexander Calder

American artist Alexander Calder changed the course of modern art by developing an innovative method of sculpting, bending, and twisting wire to create three-dimensional “drawings in space.” Resonating with the Futurists and Constructivists, as well as the language of early nonobjective painting, Calder’s mobiles (a term coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1931 to describe his work) consist of abstract shapes made of industrial materials––often poetic and gracefully formed and at times boldly colored––that hang in an uncanny, perfect balance. His complex assemblage Cirque Calder (1926–31), which allowed for the artist’s manipulation of its various characters presented before an audience, predated Performance Art by some 40 years. Later in his career, Calder devoted himself to making outdoor monumental sculptures in bolted sheet steel that continue to grace public plazas in cities throughout the world.

American, 1898-1976, Lawnton, Pennsylvania