Andy Warhol, ‘Marilyn Monroe (Marilyn) (FS II.29)’, 1967, Revolver Gallery

Warhol’s Marilyn images are some of his most iconic works. The piece is one of a series of ten screenprints he created based on an photo believed to have been taken by Gene Korman as a publicity shot for her 1953 film Niagara. Warhol began producing his Marilyn portraits shortly after her death in 1962. The decision to use the publicity photo as the basis of his series sparked much controversy and provoked conversation as to how much an artist can appropriate a readymade motif before it becomes a legal issue. With the notoriety that these screenprints have garnered for over forty years, has been said that Warhol created an icon out of an icon, extending her fame and celebrity status far beyond the normally allotted “15 minutes of fame.”

Signature: signed in pencil and numbered with a rubber stamp on verso; some signed in ball-point pen; some initialed on verso; some dated.

After the the success of the Campbell’s Soup series in the early 1960s, Warhol began creating screenprints of movie star portraits including Elvis Presley and Elizabeth Taylor. In addition, Warhol expanded into the realm of performance art with a traveling multimedia show between 1966 and 1967 called The Exploding Plastic Inevitable, which featured the rock band, The Velvet Underground. Andy Warhol also worked with his Superstar performers and various other people to create hundreds of films between 1963 and 1968. These films were scripted and improvised, ranging from conceptual experiments and simple narratives to short portraits and sexploitation features. Some of his works include Empire (1964), The Chelsea Girls (1966), and The Screen Tests (1964-66).

About Andy Warhol

Obsessed with celebrity, consumer culture, and mechanical (re)production, Pop artist Andy Warhol created some of the most iconic images of the 20th century. As famous for his quips as for his art—he variously mused that “art is what you can get away with” and “everyone will be famous for 15 minutes”—Warhol drew widely from popular culture and everyday subject matter, creating works like his 32 Campbell's Soup Cans (1962), Brillo pad box sculptures, and portraits of Marilyn Monroe, using the medium of silk-screen printmaking to achieve his characteristic hard edges and flat areas of color. Known for his cultivation of celebrity, Factory studio (a radical social and creative melting pot), and avant-garde films like Chelsea Girls (1966), Warhol was also a mentor to artists like Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat. His Pop sensibility is now standard practice, taken up by major contemporary artists Richard Prince, Takashi Murakami, and Jeff Koons, among countless others.

American, 1928-1987, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, based in New York, New York