Can Anything Be Performance Art?
Property of an Important European Collector
From the Catalogue:
Standing almost two metres tall, Andy Warhol’s Mineola Motorcycle (positive) is one of his largest paintings. Rendered by hand in stark black on white, this motorbike ad has been granted the glamour of monumentality, appearing on a bill-board scale. By appropriating an advertisement, Warhol is exploring the type of ephemeral imagery that he had immortalised, turning them into the cornerstones of Pop Art. The restrained palette adds an emphatic dynamism to the image, the black paint on its luminous white background lending it an incredible visual impact that slyly recalls the Abstract Expressionist paintings of Franz Kline.
When Mineola Motorcycle (positive) was created around 1985-1986, Warhol had returned to some of the themes and techniques that he had employed to such success at the beginning of his career. The motorcycle can be seen as a reference to the silkscreens of Marlon Brando he had created during the 1960s, taking an iconic still from The Wild One showing the star kitted out as a biker. In terms of techniques, Warhol used projectors to show images on a picture surface which he would then paint by hand, echoing the way he had painted his original Coca-Cola Bottles and Campbell’s Soup Cans. This hands-on technique also reflected a new interest in the painterly that was inspired by Jean-Michel Basquiat. In the mid-1980s, Basquiat and Warhol created paintings in which each artist added their own elements. As Warhol would comment at the time, ‘Jean Michel got me into painting differently, so that’s a good thing’ (Andy Warhol, diary entry for 16 September 1984, The Andy Warhol Diaries, ed. Pat Hackett, New York, 1989, p. 600).
Warhol’s use of this hands-on technique came to prominence in what was to be one of his final great series - The Last Supper. Based on Leonardo’s celebrated mural in Milan, these pictures were created using a range of techniques, including several that were hand-painted as Mineola Motorcycle (positive) had been. Indeed, in one of Warhol’s largest paintings, The Last Supper (The Big C) from around 1985, now in the Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, the titular feast is punctuated by images of the same ad that served as the basis of Mineola Motorcycle (positive). ‘I painted them all by hand—I myself,’ Warhol explained of the related Last Supper works. ‘That’s why the project took so long’ (Andy Warhol, quoted in J.D. Ketner, II (ed.), Andy Warhol: The Last Decade, exh. cat., Milwaukee, 2009, p. 39).
The theme of the motorbike was perfect for Warhol, tied up as it was with notions of freedom and rebellion, as encapsulated in Brando’s movie. At the same time, Warhol was also keenly aware of the subculture that had grown around the biker look, for instance in the gay scene explored in Kenneth Anger’s 1963 film Scorpio Rising. It was the sheer multiplicity of meaning of the image of the biker that doubtless appealed to Warhol. In Mineola Motorcycle (positive), this is underscored by the fact that we are looking at an ad—the notion of the biker rebels roaming the roads is playfully deflated by the declaration that credit cards are accepted. In Mineola Motorcycle (positive), as in so many of his most iconic Pop paintings, Warhol has managed to create a picture that invokes wit, subcultures and aesthetics, as well as the consumer culture that so fascinated him.
—Courtesy of Phillips
Signature: stamped by The Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board, Inc. and numbered PA 10.236 on the overlap
Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Andy Warhol Retrospective, May 25 - August 18, 2002, no. 230, p. 273 (illustrated)
Charles Stuckey, ed., Andy Warhol, Heaven and Hell Are Just One Breath Away | Late Paintings and Related Works, 1984-1986, New York, 1992, p. 64 (illustrated)
Galerie Bastian, Berlin
Acquired from the above by the present owner
Obsessed with celebrity, consumer culture, and mechanical (re)production, Pop artist Andy Warhol created some of the most iconic images of the 20th century. As famous for his quips as for his art—he variously mused that “art is what you can get away with” and “everyone will be famous for 15 minutes”—Warhol drew widely from popular culture and everyday subject matter, creating works like his 32 Campbell's Soup Cans (1962), Brillo pad box sculptures, and portraits of Marilyn Monroe, using the medium of silk-screen printmaking to achieve his characteristic hard edges and flat areas of color. Known for his cultivation of celebrity, Factory studio (a radical social and creative melting pot), and avant-garde films like Chelsea Girls (1966), Warhol was also a mentor to artists like Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat. His Pop sensibility is now standard practice, taken up by major contemporary artists Richard Prince, Takashi Murakami, and Jeff Koons, among countless others.
American, 1928-1987, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, based in New York, New York
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