Arshile Gorky, ‘Study for Good Afternoon, Mrs. Lincoln’, Christie's

Arshile Gorky (1904-1948)

Study for Good Afternoon, Mrs. Lincoln

signed and dated 'a. Gorky 44' (lower right)

graphite and wax crayon on paper

20 x 26 in. (50.8 x 66 cm.)

Executed in 1944.

Signature: signed and dated 'a. Gorky 44' (lower right)

New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Arshile Gorky Memorial Exhibition, January–February 1951, p, 48, no. 81.

Spoleto, Palazzo Ancaiani, Mostra di disegni americani moderni, June–July 1961, no. 20.

New York, The Museum of Modern Art and Washington, D.C., Washington Gallery of Modern Art, Arshile Gorky 1904-1948: Paintings, Drawings, Studies, March 1962-February 1963, p. 33, no. 65 (illustrated).

New Haven, Yale University Art Gallery, Max Ernst and Arshile Gorky from the Collection of Julien Levy, March–May 1964, no. 24 (illustrated).

Roslyn Harbor, New York, Nassau County Museum of Fine Art, The Abstract Expressionists and Their Precursors, January-March 1981, p. 37, no. 26 (illustrated).

New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Arshile Gorky 1904 - 1948: A Retrospective, 1981, no, 149A.

New York, Whitney Museum of American Art and Houston, The Menil Collection, Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective of Drawings, November 2003-May 2004, pp. 143 and 244, pl. 76 (illustrated in color).

E. Schwabacher, _Arshile Gorky,_New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, 1957, p. 93, no. 42 (illustrated).

J. Levy, Arshile Gorky, New York, 1966, pl. 116 (illustrated in color).

H. Rand, Arshile Gorky, The Implications of Symbols, Berkeley, 1980, p. 110, fig. 6-10 (illustrated).

J. Jordan and R. Goldwater, The Paintings of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Catalogue, New York and London, 1982, p. 442.

_Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection,_exh. cat., Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, 2000, p. 110, fig. 2 (illustrated).

H. Herrera, Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work, New York, 2003, pp. 455–456.

Julien Levy, Bridgewater, Connecticut, acquired directly from the artist

His sale; Sotheby's, New York, 4 November 1981, lot 25

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Saul, New York

Ben Heller, New York

Acquired from the above by the present owner, 1989

About Arshile Gorky

Arshile Gorky was one of the last great Surrealist painters and a major influence on (and early figure in) Abstract Expressionism. After emigrating to the U.S. in 1920, he devoted himself to apprenticeships in the style of other artists before developing his own personal vision. Through his friendships with Surrealist André Breton and painter Roberto Matta, he was introduced to automatic drawing and biomorphic imagery. Gorky's innovative, explosive landscapes used an abstract vocabulary to convey memories of his Armenian childhood alongside direct observations of nature.

Armenian-American, 1904-1948, Vosdanig Adoian, Armenia, based in New York, New York