What Is Tonalism? (12 Essential Characteristics)
David Adams Cleveland
Illustrated and discussed in, A History of American Tonalism, p. 253.
Though his own paintings—idyllic pastorals inspired by Greek mythology and the Renaissance—suggest that he was immersed more in history than in his own time, Arthur Bowen Davies championed the avant-garde and was instrumental in fostering modernism in America. Aligned with the Ashcan School of painters, he was a principal organizer of the landmark 1913 Armory Show, which introduced European modernism to Americans. Davies also participated in the creation of the foremost venue for modern art: MoMA, in New York. Late in life, his allegiance to James Abbott McNeill Whistler’s principles and transcendentalist ideals found a happy medium in his minimalist landscape watercolors, made on trips to the Italian Alps.
American, 1862-1928, Utica, New York