Bireswar Sen, ‘The Temple of Tungeswar’, Christie's South Asian + Chinese

Bireswar Sen was a keen observer of nature. His minuscule paintings, smaller than the size of a postcard, are simply exquisite. Sen studied under Abanindranath Tagore in Calcutta during the 1920s, where he learned the wash technique. However, it wasn't until he met the Russian artist Nicholas Roerich in 1932, that he discovered art's enormous ability to connect man with nature. Roerich's Himalayan landscapes were an epiphany. For the rest of his career, Sen strived to achieve harmony while perfecting his highly personal technique.

In Temple of Tungeswar, an ancient, hidden sanctuary sits atop a majestic mountain surrounded by sweeping vistas, under a glorious sky. Sen reveals his brilliance in the details; the silhouette of the temple is to scale and the most discreet and delicate lines and colors reveal the luminous landscape. With a miniature structure in a comparitively vast landscape, akin in sentiment to German Romanticism, in awe of the scope and beauty of nature.

Signature: signed and dated in Bengali (lower right); titled 'THE TEMPLE OF TUNGESWAR' (folio cover)

Image rights: [Christie's](

Formerly in the Collection of George P. Bickford

Bequeathed to the present owner in 1991

About Bireswar Sen

Indian, 1894-1974, Kolkata, India

Group Shows

Dag Modern, 
New York,
The Art of Bengal