What Is Futurism?
Italian Futurism: 1909–1944: Reconstructing the Universe, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, February 21 – September 1, 2014
Gianni Mattioli Collection, on long-term loan to the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
A highly influential Italian painter of the early 20th century, Carlo Carrà began to identify with Futurism after meeting Umberto Boccioni in 1909. His most famous painting, The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli (1911), embodies Futurist ideals in its portrayal of dynamic action and power through intersecting planes and violent, angular forms and colors. Carrà reworked the painting after a trip to Paris in 1911, when he came into contact with Cubism. After WWI, Carrà met Giorgio de Chirico, with whom he pioneered Pittura Metafisica, a style of painting that aimed to convey the transcendence of everyday objects, captured in surreal still life compositions. In 1918 Carrà broke with metaphysical painting and turned to producing monumental figurative works in a realist idiom, referencing the styles of Italian Renaissance painters Giotto, Paolo Uccello, and Masaccio.