Caspar David Friedrich, ‘Moonrise on the Seashore’, 1821, Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archive

Image rights: Erich Lessing / Art Resource, NY

About Caspar David Friedrich

A leading painter of German Romanticism, Caspar David Friedrich is best known for his allegorical landscapes that portray figures, often with their backs turned toward the viewer, contemplating the expanse of nature, as well as ruins silhouetted against dusky skies, such as in The Abbey In the Oakwood (1808-1810). Although his landscapes were based on detailed nature studies, they are imaginary. As Friedrich himself said, “the artist should paint not only what he sees before him, but also what he sees within him.”

German, 1774-1840, Greifswald, Germany, based in Dresden, Germany