Chaim Soutine, ‘Le Bœuf’, ca. 1932, Christie's

Signature: signed 'Soutine' (lower right)

London, The Storran Gallery, 12 Paintings by Soutine, November 1938, probably no. 11 (titled Bœuf écorché).

London, The Lefevre Gallery (Alex. Reid & Lefevre, Ltd.), School of Paris (Picasso and His Contemporaries), May-June 1945, p. 10, no. 41 (titled Bœuf écorché).

London, Gimpel Fils, Soutine, April-May 1947, no. 13 (titled Bœuf écorché).

Kunstmuseum Bern, 1952-1973 (on extended loan).

Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, Permanent Collection, November 2004-May 2009.

Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art, May 2009-July 2010 (on extended loan).

Ottawa, National Gallery of Canada, July 2010-March 2012 (on extended loan).

Toronto, Art Gallery of Ontario, April 2012-March 2015 (on extended loan).

M. Tuchman and D. Sylvester, _Chaim Soutine,_exh. cat., The Tate Gallery, London, 1963, pp. 21-22.

P. Courthion, Soutine:Peintre du déchirant, Lausanne, 1972, p. 238 (illustrated, pl. B; titled _Pièce de bœuf_and dated 1925).

M. Tuchman, E. Dunow and K. Perls, Chaim Soutine: Catalogue Raisonné, Cologne, 1993, vol. I, p. 470, no. 99 (illustrated in color, p. 473).

M. Tuchman and E. Dunow, The Impact of Chaim Soutine: de Kooning, Pollock, Dubuffet, Bacon, exh. cat., Galerie Gmurzynska, Cologne, 2001, p. 90 (illustrated in color, p. 91; illustrated in color again on the cover).

M. Tuchman, E. Dunow and K. Perls, Chaim Soutine: Catalogue Raisonné, Cologne, 2001, vol. I, p. 470, no. 99 (illustrated in color, p. 473).

Paul Guillaume, Paris (acquired from the artist, circa 1923).

Jos. Hessel, Paris.

Duncan MacDonald, London.

Eardley Knollys, London (by 1945).

The Lefevre Gallery (Alex. Reid & Lefevre, Ltd.), London.

Georges Frédéric Keller, New York and Davos (by 1952).

Anon. sale, Palais Galliéra, Paris, 1 December 1973, lot 50.

Modarco Advisory Service, Geneva (acquired at the above sale).

Knoedler-Modarco, S.A., New York (acquired from the above, November 1978).

Cosmondia S.A., Geneva (acquired from the above, October 1979).

Galerie Heyraud Bresson, Paris.

Daniel and Lorette Shefner, Quebec (acquired from the above, 3 June 1981).

Maurice Tuchman, New York and Esti Dunow, New York (acquired from Lorette Shefner, May 2004).

National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (acquired from the above, November 2004).

Acquired from the above by the present owners, May 2009.

About Chaim Soutine

Chaim Soutine’s style of painting bridged more traditional approaches with the developing form of Abstract Expressionism, concentrating on shape, color, and texture over representation. Ultimately, he is known for zealous landscapes of the Midi (southern France), characterized by an enchanting, fairy-tale like quality that pervades his almost-kinetic swathes of color. A friend of Amedeo Modigliani, Soutine also painted portraits and still lifes with stylistic and compositional allusions to painters he befriended and/or admired, including Modigliani, Henri Matisse, Paul Cézanne, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Francisco Goya, and Rembrandt. In his portraiture, female subjects in particular convey considerable personality with their awkward poses rendered in expressive, semi-abstract brushwork. Because of the hunger he faced growing up in a Lithuanian Jewish ghetto, the centrality of food and Jewish ritual are prominent in much of Soutine’s earlier work.

Russian, 1893-1943, Smilovitchi, Belarus