Claude Monet, ‘Le Parlement, soleil couchant (The Houses of Parliament, at Sunset)’, 1900-1901, Christie's

Signature: signed and dated 'Claude Monet 1902' (lower left)

Paris, Galerie Durand-Ruel et Cie., Claude Monet: Vues de la Tamise à Londres (1902-1904), May-June 1904, p. 11, no. 27 (dated 1902).

New York, Acquavella Galleries, Inc., Claude Monet, October-November 1976, no. 59 (illustrated in color; titled Houses of Parliament, Londres and dated 1902).

Tokyo, Galerie des Arts de Tokyu, Shibuya, Monet/Renoir/Bonnard, August-September 1979, no. 13 (illustrated in color; titled Houses of Parliament, London and dated 1902).

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, June 1980-March 1987 (on extended loan).

Tokyo, Bridgestone Museum of Art; Nagoya City Art Museum and Hiroshima Museum of Art, Monet: A Retrospective, February-July 1994, p. 190, no. 69 (illustrated in color, p. 192).

London, Royal Academy of Arts, Monet in the 20th Century, January-April 1999, no. 20a.

London, The National Gallery, June 2001-July 2008 (on extended loan).

R. de Bettex, "Echos de partout. Claude Monet" in La République française, 10 May 1904.

R.M. Ferry, "Notes d'art. La Tamise par M. Claude Monet" in La Liberté, 18 May 1904, p. 3.

G. Kahn, "L'exposition Claude Monet" in Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 1 July 1904, pp. 85-86 (etching illustrated, p. 84).

L. Venturi, Les archives de l'Impressionnisme, Paris, 1939, vol. I, pp. 393-394.

O. Reuterswärd, Monet: En konstnärshistorik, Stockholm, 1948, p. 244 (illustrated, fig. 116; dated 1902).

R. Walter, "Pieter van de Velde, un amateur éclairé" in Gazette des Beaux-Arts, October 1968, pp. 203-204 (illustrated, p. 208).

G. Seiberling,Monet's Series, New York, 1981, p. 375, no. 40 (titled The Houses of Parliament, London).

D. Wildenstein, Claude Monet: Biographie et catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1985, vol. IV, p. 186, no. 1603, p. 365, letters 1723-1724 and p. 427, letters 166 and 168 (illustrated, p. 187).

G. Seiberling, Monet in London, exh. cat., High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1988, p. 93, no. 27 (dated 1902).

D. Wildenstein, Claude Monet: Catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1991, vol. V, p. 52, no. 1603.

P.H. Tucker, Claude Monet: Life and Art, New Haven, 1995, p. 173 (illustrated in color, pl. 198; detail illustrated in color, p. 172, pl. 197).

D. Wildenstein, Monet: Catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1996, vol. IV, pp. 710-712, no. 1603 (illustrated in color, pp. 710-711).

Galerie Durand-Ruel et Cie., Paris (acquired from the artist, 11 May 1904).

Pieter van de Velde, Le Havre (acquired from the above, 19 May 1904).

Léon Marc François, Paris (acquired from the above, 1922); sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 20 March 1935, lot 5.

M. Reaubourg, Paris (acquired on his behalf at the above sale by A. Schoeller as agent).

Anon. sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 16 June 1950, lot 30.

M. Pellerin, Paris (?).

Galerie de l’Elysée (Alex Maguy), Paris.

George N. Richard, New York (_circa_1968).

Bernice Richard, New York (by descent from the above, 1972); Estate sale, Christie’s, New York, 14 November 1989, lot 29.

Private collection, Japan.

Private collection (acquired from the above); sale, Sotheby’s, New York, 10 May 2001, lot 208.

Acquired at the above sale by the present owner.

About Claude Monet

A founding member of the Impressionist movement in the late 1800s, Claude Monet was interested in direct observation and perceptual study, particularly depicting the effects of light and shadow on color. A proponent of en plein air painting, Monet is most famous for his series depicting haystacks (1891), poplars (1892), the Rouen Cathedral (1894), and water lilies (1910-20). In each series, Monet painted the same site repeatedly, recording how the appearance changed as the light shifted. His final mural-sized paintings depicting the pond on his Giverny estate feature water lilies and water emerging from almost-abstract compositions of broad strokes of bright color and intricately built-up textures. Shortly after Monet died at age 86, the French government installed his last water-lilies series in specially constructed galleries at the Orangerie in Paris, where they remain today.

French, 1840-1926, Paris, France, based in Giverny, France