A Brief History of Gold in Art, from Ancient Egyptian Burial Masks to Jeff Koons
painted surface 9 3/8 x 6 1/2 in. (23.8 x 16.5 cm)
Image rights: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Purchase, Rogers Fund, Walter and Leonore Annenberg and The Annenberg Foundation Gift, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, Annette de la Renta Gift, Harris Brisbane Dick, Fletcher, Louis V. Bell, and Dodge Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, several members of The Chairman's Council Gifts, Elaine L. Rosenberg and Stephenson Family Foundation Gifts, 2003 Benefit Fund, and other gifts and funds from various donors, 2004), licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal
Duccio di Buoninsegna (or simply Duccio) was an artist active during the Middle Ages and a defining innovator of the Sienese School. He painted with a linear and decorative style, frequently using gold and strong colors to create linear patterns—the result of combined influences from Byzantine tradition and the French Gothic. Like many artists of his time, Duccio was considered an artisan and a craftsman; his commissions included designing stained-glass windows, painting ceiling coffers, and parade shields, in addition to frescoes and altarpieces in egg-based tempera. Not all of his works have been identified, since Duccio did not always sign them; he produced his work with the help of many students and assistants, including Simone Martini. The majority of his commissions, and his best known works, were of religious subjects.
Italian, active 1278 - c. 1319, Siena, Italy, based in Siena, Italy