El sueño de la razón produce monstruos

La fantasía, abandonada de la razón, produce monstruos imposibles; unida con ella es madre de las artes y origen de las maravillas. Portada para esta obra: cuando los hombres no oyen el grito de la razón, todo se vuelven visones. “El autor, soñando. Su yntento solo es desterrar vulgaridades perjudiciales, y perpetuar con esta obra de caprichos el testimonio sólido de la verdad”, escribió Goya dos años antes (1797). Pensó poner la estampa al frente de la edición.

Los caprichos, Colección de 80 aguafuertes de Goya (1792-1799), la primera edición de los Caprichos, la de mayor valor estético e histórico por ser la única estampada bajo la supervisión directa del artista en 1799. Sátira contra la ignorancia y la superstición de la sociedad de su época, representan escenas fantásticas y visiones de trasfondo de pecados e injusticias, con una técnica violenta y audaz.

About Francisco de Goya

The tempestuous works of Francisco de Goya distinguish him as the most important Spanish painter of his time. Among his contemporaries, he was best known for his lighthearted tapestry cartoons of leisure activities, subtle satirical etchings of the bourgeoisie, and penetratingly psychological portraits of the aristocracy. Having survived an unknown illness that left him deaf and witnessed the atrocities committed during Napoleon’s occupation, which are hauntingly portrayed in the mass execution of Spanish civilians in The Third of May 1808, Goya went on to create some of his most somber, chilling images with his late “Black Paintings,” which were painted directly onto the walls of his home. Now recognized as a harbinger of modern art, Goya influenced numerous artists, including Pablo Picasso in the creation of his masterpiece Guernica (1937).

Spanish, 1746-1828, Fuendetodos, Spain, based in Madrid, Spain

Exhibition Highlights On Artsy

2016
Soulèvements (Uprisings), Jeu de Paume, Paris
2016
Goya: Mad Reason, Blanton Museum of Art, Austin
2016
2015
Goya: The Portraits, The National Gallery, London, London