The Most Iconic Artists of the Northern Renaissance, From Dürer to Bosch
Image rights: © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2014
Edward VI, 1547; Henry FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel; by whom bequeathed to John, Lord Lumley, 1580; by whom probably bequeathed to Henry, Prince of Wales, 1609, and thus inherited by Prince Charles (later Charles I), 1612; by whom exchanged with Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, 1627/8; by whom given to Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel; acquired by Charles II by 1675
Considered one of the great portraitists of the 16th century, Hans Holbein came from a family of artists; his father, Hans Holbein the Elder, and his uncle Sigmund were renowned for their late Gothic painting. While living in Basel, Switzerland, Holbein the Younger gained recognition for his woodcut book illustrations, and met the famous Dutch scholar Erasmus, who invited him to illustrate his satire The Praise of Folly. Holbein also illustrated Martin Luther’s German translation of the Bible and produced a famous set of 41 woodcuts depicting the medieval Dance of Death. He later moved to London, where he became court painter to Henry VIII. Epitomizing the Northern Renaissance with his meticulously detailed style, Holbein produced more than 100 miniature and full-size portraits at Henry VIII’s court, of subjects including Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, and the king himself.
German, 1497-1543, Augsburg, Germany, based in London, United Kingdom