What Is Tonalism? (12 Essential Characteristics)
David Adams Cleveland
Illustrated and discussed, A History of American Tonalism, p. 177.
Hugh Bolton Jones began as a Hudson River School painter, but after years in France working in the American art colonies of Brittany, where he was influenced by Alexander Harrison and the tonalities preferred by his expatriate community, he moved to a more poetic, lush, and painterly Tonalist style. His New England landscapes retained some of the melancholy of his Brittany days, along with the soft atmospherics and nostalgic feeling for the rich greens of the abandoned pastures of western Massachusetts and his summer home near Great Barrington. Jones adopted many of James Abbott McNeill Whistler’s strategies for the decorative organization of his compositions, often allowing the warm ground of his canvases and panels to bleed though and provide both unity and harmony. As the years passed, his landscapes became sunnier and tended to dwell on the spring and summer seasons.
American, 1848-1927, Baltimore, Maryland