Jean Dubuffet, ‘Paris Polka’, 1961, Christie's

Signature: signed and dated ‘J. Dubuffet 61’ (lower right)

Paris, Galerie Daniel Cordier, Dubuffet: Paris Circus, June-July 1962, no. 17 (illustrated).

Basel, Galerie Beyeler, Jean Dubuffet, February-April 1965, no. 53 (illustrated in color).

Vienna, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Kunst in Freiheit : Dubuffet, Moore, Tobey, May-June 1965, p. 12, no. 24.

Zurich, Gimpel + Hanover Galerie, Jean Dubuffet, August-September 1965, no. 15.

Cologne, Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Bilder von 1944-1964 von Jean Dubuffet, October 1965.

Dallas Museum of Fine Arts and Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Jean Dubuffet: Retrospective, March-June 1966, p. 52, no. 56.

New York, Richard Feigen Gallery, Dubuffet and the Anticulture, November 1969-January 1970, p. 43, no. 32 (illustrated).

New York, Guggenheim Museum, Jean Dubuffet: A Retrospective Glance at Eighty: from the Collection of Morton and Linda Janklow and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1981, pp. 21 and 28, no. 82 (illustrated).

Paris, Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985), exposition du centenaire, September-December 2001, p. 235 (illustrated in color).

M. Loreau,Catalogue Intégral des Travaux de Jean Dubuffet, fasc. XIX: Paris Circus, Lausanne, 1965, pp. 108 and 226, no. 209 (illustrated).

M. Loreau,Dubuffet et le voyage au centre de la perception, de Paris-Circus au Grand-Art l'Hourloupe, Paris, 1966, p. 36.

J. Asger, "Nogle iagttagelser anga°ende faenomenet Jean Dubuffet," Konstrevy, no. 1, 1967, p. 25 (illustrated in color).

A. Franzke, Jean Dubuffet, Basel, 1975, p. 85, no. 64 (illustrated in color).

A. Franzke, Jean Dubuffet, Basel, 1976, p. 85, no. 64 (illustrated in color).

A. Franzke, Dubuffet, New York, 1981, p. 151.

J. Kriz, Jean Dubuffet, Prague, 1989, p. 90, no. 57 (illustrated in color).

M. Paquet, Dubuffet, Paris, 1993, p. 145, no. 201 (illustrated in color).

D. Abadie, Dubuffet, exh. cat., Paris, Centre Pompidou, 2001, p. 235 (illustrated in color).

L. Trucchi, Dubuffet, Florence, 2001, pp. 26-27 (illustrated in color).

Galerie Daniel Cordier, Paris

Galerie Beyeler, Basel

The Morton and Linda Janklow Collection, New York

Acquired from the above by the present owner

About Jean Dubuffet

In his seminal modernist paintings, Jean Dubuffet delved deep into questions of ground and materiality. Such themes were highly charged during the post–WWII period in which he worked, shortly after the destruction of many European cities as well as the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the war. The surfaces of his canvases are thick and clotted; their aesthetic is muddy and scatological. Dubuffet coined the term “Art Brut” to describe the kind of work that he collected and aspired toward: the untrained, outsider art of alienated groups, including children and the mentally ill. His own paintings are purposefully “deskilled,” often possessing the spontaneity and crude aesthetic of finger paintings.

French, 1901-1985, Le Havre, France, based in Paris, France