Jean Dubuffet, ‘Pleurnichon’, Christie's

Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985)

Pleurnichon

sponge with stone base

15 3/4 x 5 1/4 x 5 in. (40 x 13.3 x 12.7 cm.)

Executed in 1954.

Signature: Pleurnichon

Paris, Galerie Rive Gauche, Personnages, May-June 1954.

Paris, Galerie Rive Gauche, Petites statues de la vie précaire de Jean Dubuffet, October-November 1954, no. 14.

Kunsthaus Zurich, Weich und Plastisch: Soft-Art, November 1979-February 1980, p. 59 (illustrated).

Bordeaux, CAPC musée d'art contemporain, Légendes à Michel Montaigne, May-September 1984, p. 72 (illustrated).

Paris, Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Qu'est ce que la sculpture moderne?, July-October 1986, p. 193, no. 221 (illustrated).

Paris, Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Les années 50, June-October 1988, p. 268, no. 4 (illustrated).

Rome, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Jean Dubuffet: 1901-1985, December 1989-February 1990, p. 241, no. 128 (illustrated).

Frankfurt, Schirn Kunsthalle, Jean Dubuffet: 1901-1985, December 1990-March 1991, p. 108, no. 122 (illustrated).

Kusthalle Basel and Kunstmuseum Basel, Transform: BildObjektSkulptur im 20 Jahrhundert, June-September 1992, p. 95, no. 110 (illustrated in color).

Washington, D.C., Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Jean Dubuffet 1943-1963: paintings, sculptures, assemblages, June-September 1993, p. 96, no. 51 (illustrated in color).

New York, PaceWildenstein, Jean Dubuffet: The Radiant Earth, February-March 1996, p. 49 (illustrated in color).

Paris, Centre Pompidou, Musée national d'art moderne, Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985): Exposition du Centenaire, September-December 2001, p. 170 (illustrated in color).

M. Loreau, Catalogue des travaux de Jean Dubuffet, fascicule X: Vaches-Petites statues de la vie précaire, Lausanne, 1969, p. 19, no. 14 (illustrated).

A. Franzke, _Petites statues de la vie précaire = Kleine Statuen des unsicheren lebens,_Berlin, 1988, no. 12 (illustrated).

C. Delavaux, _Dubuffet: le grand bazar de l'art,_Paris, 2008, p. 14 (illustrated in color).

Galerie Daniel Cordier, Paris

The Estate of Ileana Sonnabend, New York

By descent to the present owner

About Jean Dubuffet

In his seminal modernist paintings, Jean Dubuffet delved deep into questions of ground and materiality. Such themes were highly charged during the post–WWII period in which he worked, shortly after the destruction of many European cities as well as the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the war. The surfaces of his canvases are thick and clotted; their aesthetic is muddy and scatological. Dubuffet coined the term “Art Brut” to describe the kind of work that he collected and aspired toward: the untrained, outsider art of alienated groups, including children and the mentally ill. His own paintings are purposefully “deskilled,” often possessing the spontaneity and crude aesthetic of finger paintings.

French, 1901-1985, Le Havre, France, based in Paris, France